Timer– Standing at the end of pool, the timer utilizes a stopwatch (provided) to time a swimmer’s race.  The timer starts the stopwatch at the beginning of the race and stops it when the swimmer touches the wall.  The time is then reported to the writer.  The timer resets the stopwatch for the next event.

Back up Timer – Standing behind the timers, the back up timer utilizes a stopwatch (provided) to fill in for a timer whose watch has malfunctioned or who has missed the start of the race.  The back up timer starts the stopwatch at the beginning of every race and if needed moves to a lane to stop the watch when the swimmer in that lane touches the wall.  The time is then reported to the writer and the watch reset.

Writer – Standing at the end of pool, the writer ensures that the correct swimmer is in each race.  At the end of the race, the writer records the times from the three timers assigned to the lane onto an event ticket.  Any “DQ” reported by an official is also recorded.  The event ticket with the recorded times is then passed to the runner.

Place Judge – Standing at the side of pool, the place judge calls out the order of finish for each race.  An assistant to the place judge records the order of finish as called by the place judge.  The place order ticket is then passed to the runner.

Runner – Standing at the side of pool, the runner collects the lane tickets from each of the six lanes after the completion of each event.  The runner also collects the place order ticket from the two place judges and clips all the tickets together.  The runner then takes the clipped tickets to the scoring table.

Averager – Sitting at the scoring table, the averager confirms the place order for each event by comparing the order of finish from each of the place judges.  The averager then puts the event tickets in place order and circles the official time for each swimmer (the middle time of the three recorded times).  The averager ensures that DQs (disqualifications) are recorded properly.  The tickets, ordered with times circled, are then passed to the scorers. 

Scorer – Sitting at the scoring table, the scorer takes the lane/place tickets from the averager and records the swimmers’ times and place finish for each event.  The scorer then assigns points to the top three finishers in each race and calculates a running score for the meet.  The times, places and score is recorded on the meet’s official preprinted scoring sheet.  The lane/place tickets are then passed to the ribbon writers.

Chief Scorer - Sitting at the scoring table, the chief scorer is responsible for ensuring that the scoring table runs smoothly.  The chief scorer will determine the place order by ballot for any race where the place judges do not agree on the finish order.  The chief scorer will “troubleshoot” any issues and communicate with the referee, coaches, and announcer as needed.

Ribbon Writer – Sitting at the scoring table, the ribbon writer utilizes the official times and places to fill out ribbons for each event.  Completed ribbons are sorted between the competing teams and distributed at the end of the meet.

Announcer - The announcer uses a microphone to announce the names of the swimmers and lane assignments for each event.

Official – Officials ensure that the swim meet is run fairly.  Roles for officials include stroke/turn judges, starter and referee.  All officials must be USS certified or have completed the UCOSL summer training course. 

Marshaller - The marshaller organizes the swimmers prior to their races, grouping them by event and by lane.  The marshaller escorts the swimmers to the block area to wait for their events.

Concession – Working at the concession table involves set-up and clean-up of the table as well as selling food and drink items during the meet.